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!Work items
(partly from MSDN)

You can use work items to track and manage your work and information about your team project. A work item is a database record that Team Foundation uses to track the assignment and progress of work. You can use different types of work items to track different types of work, such as customer requirements, product bugs, and development tasks.

The work item type determines the workflow states and transitions. The work item types that are available in a project depend on the project template that the project uses. Also, you can customize the work item types that are available in your team project to track your work in the way it makes sense for your development environment.

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Each work item represents an object that is stored in the Team Foundation database. Each work item is assigned a unique identifier, a work item ID, and type, the work item type. Work item IDs are unique across all work item types in all team projects in a project collection. The work item type determines the work item fields that are available for tracking information, defaults defined for each field, and rules and constraints positioned on these fields and other objects that specify the work item workflow. Every change made to a work item field is stored in the work item log, which maintains an historical record of changes.

You can create and modify work items by using Team Explorer, Team System Web Access, Office Excel, or Office Project. When creating or modifying individual work items, you can work in the work item form, by using Team Explorer or Team System Web Access. You can make bulk updates to many work items at a time by using Team System Web Access, Office Excel, or Office Project.


Work items in SharePoint project dashboard.
  • Places where you can add / create new work items.
  • Reports information about work items.

Work item types.

  • User Story, A team creates user stories to define the features, functions, and requirements to be implemented.
  • Task
  • Test Task
  • Test Basis Finding
  • Test Case
  • Bug, You can track a code defect by creating a bug work item. By creating a bug, you can accurately report the defect in a way that helps other members of the team to understand the full impact of the problem.
  • Issue, You can define known or potential problems, impediments, or risks to your project by creating issue work items.
  • Shared Step, Shared steps are specific for test cases and are mainly used only in Microsoft Test and Lab Manager. In shared steps, you define a sequence of action and validation steps to run as part of a test case.

Last edited Nov 7, 2009 at 7:46 AM by ClemensReijnen, version 2


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